337-361 AD Roman Empire Constantius II AR (Silver) Siliqua (2.15g) Arles rv Votive Wreath 1887 East Harptree Hoard (NGC Ch XF) Strike: 5/5, Surface: 3/5

1887 East Harptree Hoard

  • Lot number 2007623
  • Total bids 13
  • High bid $199.47
  • Remaining time 00:14:37:35

Over 1,500 year old ancient silver Roman coin. Coin has been authenticated, encapsulated and graded based on condition, strike and surface by NGC.

The Harptree Hoard was discovered in the village of East Harptree, England located South/Southwest of Bristol and Bath. The hoard was discovered in a pewter container which held 1496 coins, five silver ingots and a silver Roman ring with an intaglio gemstone depicting the god Mars. The landowner, William Kettlewell, made the coins available to the British Museum for study and the hoard was published by John Evans in his article, 'On a Hoard of Roman Coins Found at East Harptree, Near Bristol' in The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Numismatic Society, Volume 8, 1888.

Constantius II, original name Flavius Julius Constantius, (born Aug. 7, 317, Sirmium, Savia [now Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia]—died Nov. 3, 361, Mopsucrenae, Honorias [now in Turkey]), Roman emperor from ad 337 to 361, who at first shared power with his two brothers, Constantine II (d. 340) and Constans I (d. 350), but who was sole ruler from 353 to 361.

The third son of Constantine I the Great and Fausta, Constantius served under his father as caesar from Nov. 8, 324, to Sept. 9, 337. When Constantine died on May 22, 337, the troops massacred many of his relatives, including Constantine’s half-brother, Constantius, consul in 335 and father of the future emperor Julian. In Julian’s Letter to the Athenians (361) he openly accuses Constantius of murdering his father. The historian Eutropius felt the new emperor had “permitted but not ordered” the killings. Constantius then divided the empire with his brothers, taking the eastern provinces (Thrace, Macedonia, Greece, Asia, and Egypt) for himself. Between 338 and 350 he was engaged in inconclusive but extremely bloody warfare with the Persian king Sh?p?r II.

In 350 Constantius returned to Europe to confront two usurpers. Vetranio, commander of the Danube forces, had taken power in Illyricum (now located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula); the rest of Europe was seized by the barbarian officer Magnentius, who in 350 executed Constans, the ruler in the West. At Naissus (modern Niš, Serbia), Constantius persuaded Vetranio to abdicate, and on Sept. 22, 351, he crushed Magnentius at Mursa (modern Osijek, Croatia). During this struggle Constantius appointed as caesar his cousin Gallus to be administrator of the East. But Gallus proved to be a despotic ruler, and in 354 Constantius recalled him and had him executed. After campaigning against the Sarmatian, Suebi, and Quadi tribes on the Danube in 357–358, Constantius returned east to fight Sh?p?r, who had renewed his attacks on the eastern frontier (359). In 361 Constantius was recalled to the West by the revolt of Julian, his caesar in Gaul since 355, but became ill on the way and died.

As sole ruler after 353, Constantius tried to create religious unity in the empire under Arian Christianity. He passed laws against paganism, and the historian Ammianus Marcellinus portrays him as deeply moved on a visit to Rome in 356. He twice (339, 356) exiled the influential orthodox bishop of Alexandria, but the religious unity he sought was short-lived.

Due to the uniqueness of each item, please refer to the photos provided in this auction. We offer high resolution images of each item rather than a written description of condition.

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